The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics is an international organisation which conducts agricultural research for rural development, headquartered in Patancheru, Hyderabad, Telangana, India, with several regional centres and research stations.

Since its inception, host country India has granted a special status to ICRISAT as a UN Organization operating in the Indian territory making it eligible for special immunities and tax privileges.

ICRISAT is managed by a full-time Director General functioning under the overall guidance of an international Governing Board. The current Director General is Jacqueline d’Arros Hughes who took the post in April 2020. The current chairman of the Board is Prabhu Pingali.